Fertility and Women's Old-Age Income in Germany

Tatjana Mika and Christin Czaplicki investigate the role of motherhood for old-age income in East and West Germany. Using linked survey and register data, they show that having children can greatly affect a woman's lifetime employment profile. The differences in employment directly transfer into differences in old-age income. The authors of this study observe a significant motherhood penalty for old-age income in West Germany, but not in East Germany. In Germany, women's pension are highly subsidized, as a woman automatically collects pension points for each birth. Although these transfers are rather generous, they are not sufficient to close the gap in old-age income between mothers and childless women.


Tatjana Mika; Christin Czaplicki

Erschienen in

M. Kreyenfeld und D. Konietzka: Childlessness in Europe:Contexts, Causes, and Consequences, Demographic Research Monographs,Springer open, S. 331-349, 2017, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-44667_16.


Fertilität; Fertility; Frauen; Kinderlosigkeit; old-age income


Letzte Änderung: 14.11.2017